Notes to the consolidated financial statements
30 June 2014
2 Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)
(c) Segment reporting
(d) Foreign currency translation
Functional currency and presentation currency
(ii) Transactions and balances
(iii) Group companies
(e) Revenue recognition
Sale of goods
(ii) Contract revenue
Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Amounts disclosed as revenue are net of
returns, trade allowances and amounts collected on behalf of third parties. Revenue is recognised for the major business
activities as follows:
When the Group ceases to have control, joint control or significant influence, any retained interest in the entity is remeasured to
its fair value with the change in carrying amount recognised in profit or loss. The fair value is the initial carrying amount for the
purposes of subsequently accounting for the retained interest as an associate, jointly controlled entity or financial asset. In
addition, any amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income in respect of that entity are accounted for as if the
group had directly disposed of the related assets or liabilities. This may mean that amounts previously recognised in other
comprehensive income are reclassified to profit or loss.
If the ownership interest in a jointly-controlled entity or an associate is reduced but joint control or significant influence is
retained, only a proportionate share of the amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income are reclassified to
profit or loss where appropriate.
Translation differences on non-monetary financial assets and liabilities are reported as part of the fair value gain or loss.
Translation differences on non-monetary financial assets and liabilities such as equities held at fair value through profit or loss
are recognised in profit or loss as part of the fair value gain or loss. Translation differences on non-monetary financial assets
such as equities classified as available-for-sale financial assets are included in the fair value reserve in equity.
assets and liabilities for each balance sheet presented are translated at the closing rate at the date of that balance sheet;
The results and financial position of all the Group entities (none of which has the currency of a hyperinflationary economy) that
have a functional currency different from the presentation currency are translated into the presentation currency as follows:
Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised when the consolidated entity has passed the significant risks and rewards to the
Goodwill and fair value adjustments arising on the acquisition of a foreign operation are treated as assets and liabilities of the
foreign operation and translated at the closing rate.
Contract revenue and expenses are recognised on an individual contract basis using the percentage of completion method
when the stage of contract completion can be reliably determined, costs to date can be clearly identified, and total contract
revenue and costs to complete can be reliably estimated.
Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the
transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at
year end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in the income
statement, except when deferred in equity as qualifying cash flow hedges and qualifying net investment hedges.
On consolidation, exchange differences arising from the translation of any net investment in foreign entities, and of borrowings
and other financial instruments designated as hedges of such investments, are recognised in other comprehensive income.
When a foreign operation is sold or any borrowings forming part of the net investment are repaid, the associated exchange
differences are reclassified to profit or loss, as part of the gain or loss on sale.
all resulting exchange differences are recognised in other comprehensive income.
income and expenses for each income statement and statement of comprehensive income are translated at average
exchange rates (unless this is not a reasonable approximation of the cumulative effect of the rates prevailing on the
transaction dates, in which case income and expenses are translated at the dates of the transactions); and
Items included in the financial statements of each of the Group’s entities are measured using the currency of the primary
economic environment in which the entity operates (‘the functional currency’). The consolidated financial statements are
presented in Australian dollars, which is Bradken Limited’s functional and presentation currency.
The stage of completion is measured by reference to an assessment of components completed to date as a percentage of total
components for each contract.
Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision
maker. The chief operating decision maker, who is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the
operating segments, has been identified as the Managing Director.
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